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What Is Backgammon


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What Is Backgammon

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What is BACKGAMMON? What does BACKGAMMON mean? BACKGAMMON meaning, rules \u0026 explanation

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Familienfreigabe Wenn die Familienfreigabe aktiviert ist, können bis zu sechs Familienmitglieder diese App verwenden. Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel. Dabei gewinnt jener Spieler, der als Erster alle eigenen Steine aus dem Spielfeld abtragen kann. Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel. Dabei gewinnt jener Spieler, der als. Backgammon ist ein Spiel für zwei Spieler, das auf einem Brett gespielt wird, das aus vierundzwanzig länglichen Dreiecken, genannt Punkte, besteht. Backgammon Gold – Download the classic board game on your Smartphone/​Tablet and play against the strongest Backgammon AI in the world. ** Over 2 million.
What Is Backgammon

The rules of this game, like others found in Egypt, have yet to be deciphered. It is however made from ebony, a material more likely to be found in the Indian subcontinent which indicates such board games may be more widespread than once thought.

In the 11th century Shahnameh , the Persian poet Ferdowsi credits Burzoe with the invention of the tables game nard in the 6th century.

He describes an encounter between Burzoe and a Raja visiting from India. The Raja introduces the game of chess , and Burzoe demonstrates nard , played with dice made from ivory and teak.

Murray details many versions of backgammon; modern Nard is noted there as being the same as backgammon and maybe dating back to — AD in the Babylonian Talmud, [3] although others believe the Talmud references the Greek race game Kubeia.

Iranologist Touraj Daryaee , Chair of Persian Studies at U. Irvine, on the first written mention of earlier variants of backgammon—writes:.

The use of dice for the game is another indication of its Indic origin since dice and gambling were a favorite pastime in ancient India.

According to the historical legend, the Indian king Dewisarm sends his minister Taxritos to Persia with the game of chess , and a letter challenging Sasanian King Khosrow I to solve the riddle or rationale for the game.

Khosrow asks for three days to decipher the game, but initially, no-one in the court is able to make any progress. On the third day, Khosrow's minister, Wuzurgmihr, successfully rises and explains the logic of the game.

As a reciprocal challenge, Wuzurgmihr constructs the game of backgammon and delivers it to the Indian king who is unable to decipher the game. There are two games of nardi commonly played:.

Short nardi : Set-up and rules are the same as backgammon. Long nardi : A game that starts with all fifteen checkers placed in one line on the point and on the point.

The two players move their checkers in opposing directions, from the point towards the 1-point, or home board. In long nardi , one checker by itself can block a point.

There is no hitting in long nardi. The objective of the game is bearing all checkers off the board, and there is no doubling cube.

It is described in an epigram of Byzantine Emperor Zeno AD — Like today, each player had 15 checkers and used cubical dice with sides numbered one to six.

The only differences from modern backgammon were the use of an extra die three rather than two and the starting of all pieces off the board with them entering in the same way that pieces on the bar enter in modern backgammon.

Zeno, who was white, had a stack of seven checkers, three stacks of two checkers and two "blots", checkers that stand alone on a point and are therefore in danger of being put outside the board by an incoming opponent checker.

Zeno threw the three dice with which the game was played and obtained 2, 5 and 6. As in backgammon, Zeno could not move to a space occupied by two opponent black pieces.

The white and black checkers were so distributed on the points that the only way to use all of the three results, as required by the game rules, was to break the three stacks of two checkers into blots, exposing them and ruining the game for Zeno.

The earliest known mention of the game is in Ovid 's Ars Amatoria 'The Art of Love' , written between 1 BC and 8 AD. In Roman times, this game was also known as alea , and a likely apocryphal Latin story linked this name, and the game, to a Trojan soldier named Alea.

Race board games involving dice have existed for millennia in the Near East and eastern Mediterranean, including the game senet of Ancient Egypt.

Senet was excavated, along with illustrations, from Egyptian royal tombs dating to BC. The usual Tavla rules are same as in the neighboring Arab countries and Greece, as established over a millennium ago, [68] but there are also many quite different variants.

Players try to flip their pieces over the opponents' pieces to beat them. Backgammon is popular among Greeks. It is a game in which Greeks usually tease their opponent and create a lively atmosphere.

Portes: Set-up and rules the same as backgammon, except that backgammons count as gammons 2 points and there is no doubling cube.

Plakoto : A game where one checker can trap another checker on the same point. Asodio: Also known as Acey-deucey , where all checkers are off the board, and players enter by rolling either doubles or acey-deucey.

These games are played one after another, in matches of three, five, or seven points. Players use the same pair of dice in turns.

After the first game, the winner of the previous game starts first. There is no doubling cube. Over time it was replaced by other games such as xiangqi Chinese chess.

In Japan, ban-sugoroku is thought to have been brought from China in the 6th century, and is mentioned in Genji monogatari. As a gambling game, it was made illegal several times.

By the 13th century, the board game Go , originally played only by the aristocracy, had become popular among the general public.

In Korea, it is called Ssang-ryuk or Jeopo. The jeux de tables 'Games of Tables' , predecessors of modern backgammon, first appeared in France during the 11th century and became a favorite pastime of gamblers.

In , Louis IX issued a decree prohibiting his court officials and subjects from playing. In Spain , the Alfonso X manuscript Libro de los juegos , completed in , describes rules for a number of dice and table games in addition to its extensive discussion of chess.

A wooden board and checkers were recovered from the wreck of the Vasa among the belongings of the ship's officers. Backgammon appears widely in paintings of this period, mainly those of Dutch and German painters, such as Van Ostade , Jan Steen , Hieronymus Bosch , and Bruegel.

Some surviving artworks are Cardsharps by Caravaggio the backgammon board is in the lower left and The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel the Elder the backgammon board is in the lower right.

Others include Hell Bosch and Interior of an Inn by Jan Steen. In the 16th century, Elizabethan laws and church regulations prohibited playing tables, but by the 18th century, backgammon was popular among the English clergy.

In English, the word "backgammon" is most likely derived from "back" and Middle English : gamen , meaning "game" or "play".

The earliest use documented by the Oxford English Dictionary was in The most recent major development in backgammon was the addition of the doubling cube.

It was first introduced in the s in New York City among members of gaming clubs in the Lower East Side. The popularity of backgammon surged in the mids, in part due to the charisma of Prince Alexis Obolensky who became known as "The Father of Modern Backgammon".

He also established the World Backgammon Club of Manhattan, devised a backgammon tournament system in , then organized the first major international backgammon tournament in March , which attracted royalty, celebrities and the press.

Cigarette, liquor and car companies began to sponsor tournaments, and Hugh Hefner held backgammon parties at the Playboy Mansion. You will spend many enjoyable years learning and improving at this game.

That's not true. It's essentially a game of patterns, a visual game, like chess. When I win I can claim it's due to my good skill.

When I lose I can claim it's due to my bad luck. A backgammon board. Thirty counters or checkers in two colors, fifteen of the same color for each player.

A pair of dice numbered from 1 to 6. For convenience, two pairs of dice one pair for each player is best. A dice cup , for shaking and rolling the dice.

Again, it is better to have two dice cups. A doubling cube for keeping track of the stakes of the game.

See WHAT IS A DOUBLING CUBE? Q: How do you set up the board? There are two ways to set up a backgammon board, both really the same.

The first illustration shows the setup when you are plaing White and your checkers move counterclockwise around the board. Red's checkers go in the opposite direction.

Both players bear off to the right; you at the lower-right, your opponent at the upper-right. The second illustration shows the setup when your checkers move clockwise around the board.

Red's checkers go in the opposite direction, and both players bear off to the left. Notice when you bear off to your right, your opponent will be bearing off to their left, and vice versa.

Q: Who goes first? To decide who goes first, you and your opponent each roll one die. In the case of a tie, you both roll again. The player who rolls the higher number goes first.

That player does not roll the dice again; they play the two numbers just rolled on their first turn. Notice that the player who goes first never has doubles on their first turn because ties on the first roll are always broken.

Q: What is the object of the game? The object in backgammon is to move all of your checkers around the board into your home board and then bear them off.

The first player to get all their checkers off the board is the winner. Q: What is a gammon? If you bear off all fifteen of your checkers before your opponent has borne off any of theirs, you win a gammon , or double game.

If you bear off all fifteen of your checkers before your opponent has borne off any of theirs and they have one or more checkers in your home board or on the bar, you win a backgammon , or triple game.

Q: Where can I get complete rules? The full rules of backgammon are given here. Your home board and your opponent's home board are both located in the inner table.

The rules say he must to the point using the 6 rather than hit on the point using the 4. There are some variations of backgammon, played in the Middle East, where hit-and-run is not allowed in the player's home board.

But the standard game has no such restriction. Q: Is it ok to have more than five checkers on a point? Yes, you may place as many checkers as you want on a point.

Pile them one on top of another if you run out of room. There are some versions of backgammon still popular in England which allow no more than five checkers on a point see Old English backgammon , but these are not standard rules.

Q: Can I play low number first when bearing off? Yes, you may play your numbers in either order, as long as each number is played legally.

Using your low number first can sometimes get you out of a sticky situation. But if he plays the 1 first, moving from the four-point to the three-point, he can then use the 4 to remove the checker from the three-point.

El objetivo es conseguir sacar fichas del tablero antes que el jugador rival. Cuando no se juega por dinero apuestas , se juega por rondas o partidas; por ejemplo, gana el primero en obtener cinco puntos.

El objetivo del juego consiste en liberar tus fichas antes que el oponente, evitando dejar fichas desamparadas.

Los cuadrantes son exteriores o interiores para cada jugador. Cada jugador comienza con dos fichas en su punto 24, tres fichas en su punto 8, cinco fichas en su punto 6 y otras cinco fichas en su punto It is common for a typical backgammon game to be very short, lasting only a few minutes.

Because of this, players often decide to play a number of rounds of the game in one sitting. In this case, players keep score of the number of games won, playing until one player wins the predetermined number of games.

Initial moves strategy of a backgammon game. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Archived from the original on Retrieved Either by trapping their opponent to accept a cube in a bad position or by trying to bluff them and make them drop to cash in the game quickly.

The backgammon match is the format used during tournaments. The two players have to reach a total of points always odd to win the match. You can play a match to 3, 5, 7 or even 25 points.

We recommend beginners to start by playing matches game. The other format is the money game. When you play this way, each game represents a value.

You and your opponent decide what the stake is for each game, and you play until one of you wants to stop.

What Is Backgammon The first moves of a backgammon game are the opening moves, collectively referred to as the opening, and studied in the backgammon opening theory. Backgammon opening theory is not developed in as much detail as opening theory in chess, which has been widely studied.
What Is Backgammon

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First, it can't be "rigged" against everyone. Der Spieler muss die jeweiligen Secret.De App verwenden, z. Wenn du die Website weiter nutzt, gehen wir von deinem Einverständnis aus. Die übrigen Regeln sind gleich. Misere backgammon Casino Online Spiel lose is a variant of backgammon in which the objective is to lose the game. Do I have to make a move if it puts my stone in jeopardy, or can I forfeit my turn? Basic Rules Introduction What is backgammon?
What Is Backgammon A backgammon is a win with the same premise as a gammon, but the opponent also has one or more of their checkers in the winner’s home area. In a regular game, backgammon is worth three points. How to Play Backgammon You’re now well versed in the basic terms, and you know how to set up the game board. Backgammon is a member of the tables family, one of the oldest classes of board games. Backgammon involves a combination of strategy and luck (from rolling dice). While the dice may determine the outcome of a single game, the better player will accumulate the better record over a series of many games. Backgammon is one of the oldest known boardgames. The object of the game is to move your pieces along the board's triangles and off the board before your opponent does. There are a few different ways that this game is played. Backgammon is a game for 2 players that you play with checkers and dice on a backgammon board. Basically, backgammon is a race game, where you need to bring all your checkers in one particular part of the board faster than your opponent. Backgammon is played on a board that consists of 24 narrow triangles that are called points. The triangles alternate in color and are grouped into four quadrants of six triangles each. There are four types of quadrants: the player's home board and outer board, and the opponent's home board and outer board. The earliest use documented by the Oxford English Dictionary was in InEmmet Keeler and Joel Spencer considered the question of when to double or accept a double using an idealized version of backgammon. Little Fighter 2 fact, historians have uncovered evidence that a version of the backgammon may have existed as early as 3, BC. The use of dice for the game is another indication of its Indic origin since dice and gambling were NeuzugГ¤nge KГ¶ln favorite pastime in ancient India. For What Is Backgammon uses, see Backgammon disambiguation. Like today, each player had 15 checkers and used cubical dice with sides numbered one to six. Archived from the Kostenlose Online Spiele Mit Freunden on 13 August Finnisch Zahlen Roman emperors are known to have played the game, some of them for large amounts of money. You can also play backgammon online for fun or money in one of the many websites and applications around. Backgammon is not controlled by a dominating authority, yet the "rules of play" are agreed on by the international tournaments. You used a prefix, such as W12 or B12 to distinguish the two points. What do the parentheses mean?

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